Posted 13 Apr 2018 11:31 AM

Colorful festival of Baisakhi marks the beginning of a New Year for the farmers and spring season which is full of happiness and joy for the entire northern part of India. It is of great importance in Sikhism as it marks the foundation day of Khalsa Panth. It is equally important for astrologers as well.
Baisakhi is observed on April 13 every year and April 14 once in every 36 years. The date fluctuates because of the fact that date of Baisakhi is reckoned according to the solar calendar. Astrologically, the date of Baisakhi is significant as marks sun’s entry into Mesh Rashi. For this very reason, many people also know Baisakhi as Mesha Sankranti. The auspicious date of Baisakhi is celebrated all over India under different names and rituals. It is celebrated as 'Rongali Bihu' in Assam, 'Naba Barsha' in Bengal, ‘Puthandu’ in Tamil Nadu, 'Pooram Vishu' in Kerala and ‘Vaishakha’ in the state of Bihar.

From the farmer's point of view, the festival marks the time for harvest of Rabi (winter)crops. It is also observed as a Thanksgiving Day in the States of Punjab and Haryana. Farmers wear new attires and visit Temples and Gurdwara to offer prayers. Electrifying Bhangra and Gidda dance can also be seen in the Baisakhi Fairs.
Baisakhi is of major importance for the people following Sikh faith. As it was on a Baisakhi Day, in the year 1699 that the Tenth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Gobind Singh founded Khalsa Panth or the Order of Pure Ones and gave a unique identity to Sikhs. On the same day, the guru administered Amrit (nectar) to his first batch of five disciples making them Singhs, a martial community. By doing so, he eliminated the differences between high and low and established that all human beings were equal.
Sikhs celebrate Baisakhi by participating in special prayer meetings organized at gurdwaras. They also carry out joyful Baisakhi processions to mark the day.
Its significance among other religions can also be observed as for Hindus it was on this day in 1875 that Swami Dayanand Saraswati founded the Arya Samaj - a reformed sect of Hindus who are devoted to the Vedas for spiritual guidance and have discarded idol worship. Besides, Baisakhi day is of relevance for the Buddhists as Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment and Nirvana on this auspicious day.

Have a Happy and Prosperous Bhaisakhi!

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