Kashmir Conflict Timeline, from 1956 to 1970 - watsupptoday.com
Kashmir Conflict Timeline, from 1956 to 1970
Posted 01 Feb 2017 12:26 PM

In 1956
March 10. Government of India protested to the powers participating in the Karachi meeting of the SEATO Council against their Consideration of the Kashmir problem at the instance of Pakistan.
March 19. A Protest note from India sent to Karachi as Pakistan invaded the Indian border.
April 4. Col. Sheikh Mohiuddin, Marshall, Indian Army, killed in jeep accident in Jammu.
July 5. Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and Mr. Mohammed Ali, the Prime Minister of Pakistan, confered in London on many aspects of Indo-Pakistan relations.
September 9. Approaching ends of the two pilot headings of the new Bannihal tunnel on way to Kashmir, were linked into through passage as the last rock barrier separating them was dynamited.
October 30. Kashmir constituent Assembly unanimously passed the clause defining the state of Jammu and Kashmir as an integral part of Indian Union.

In 1957
January 29. Chou En-Lai, Chinese Premier, supported India on the Kashmir issue while Addressing a press conference at Katmandu.
February 14. Four-powers (Britain, Australia, Cuba and USA) resolution on Kashmir sponsored in the UN Security Council.
July 26. Bakshi Ghulam Mohammed Sworn in as Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.
August 3. Prime Minister of Nepal, Dr. K.I. Singh supported India's stand on Kashmir.
August 6. Ghulam Mohd. Sadiq, G.L. Dogra, Mir Qusim, D.P. Dhar, Rampiara Saraf and Motiram Baigra resigned form the Jammu and Kashmir National Conference Working Committee. Their resignation were later accepted.
August 7. Ghulam Mohd. Sadiq said at a news conference in Srinagar that he along with five of his colleagues, had resigned from the Working Committee of the National Conference as a protest against "authoritarianism and Corruption" within the organization and the Government and the State Government had made it impossible for "functional democracy" to flourish in the State.
August 27. Devasting floods hit Kashmir Valley crippling communications.
September 6. New political party formed in the State of Jammu and Kashmir to be known as the Democratic National Conference.
October 19. Last rock barrier between the two heads of the second tube of the low-level Banihal tunnel known as Jaw bar Tunnel was removed.
November 5. V.K. Krishna Menon told the U.N. Security Council that under no circumstances would India compound the felony that Pakistan had committed in Kashmir nor would India acquiesce in the commission of aggression.
- V.K. Krishna, Menon's statement, in UN Security Council on Kashmir.
- Yuvaraj Karan Singh elected Sadar-i-Riyasat of Jammu and Kashmir State.
November 13. V.K. Krishna Menon concluded his statement before the U.N. Security Council with a plea that Pakistan should first vacate her aggression before any progress could be made in the Kashmir question.
November 18. India criticized the five power resolution on Kashmir.
December 2. U.N. Security Council approved the five power resolution on Kashmir, reviving the Grahm mission as amended by the Sweden delegate.

In 1958
January 8. Sheikh Abdullah released from detention.
May 2. India protested to the UN against Pakistan's attempts of sub-version and sabotage in Kashmir.
August 12. Lok Sabha passed a Bill extending the lndian Administrative Services and Indian Police Service Cadres to the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
August 15. A Letter on Kashmir question to President of the Security Council submitted by Arthur Lall, Permanent Representative at UN.

In 1959
April 1. Permit system regulating entry into and exit from J & K State abolished.
August 7. India lodged a protest (3rd) with the UN Security Council over the construction of the Mangia Dam in the Pakistan occupied Kashmir.
October 1. Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly adopted the official Bill amending the State Constitution to extend jurisdiction of the Union Election Commission to Jammu and Kashmir and bring the High Court of Jammu and Kashmir at par with other High Court in India.

In 1960
January 26. An ordinance promulgated by the President of India by which further formal integration of the State of Jammu and Kashmir brought about with the rest of India.
April 25. Maharaja Hari Singh, former ruler of Jammu and Kashmir, died in Bombay.
July 6. President recognized Yuvaraj Karan Singh as successor to the late Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir.

In 1962
January 16. India asked UN Security Council to reject Pakistan's request for a meeting to discuss Kashmir.
February 1. Permanent representative of India to the United Nations C.S. Jha made statement in the Security Council on Kashmir.
April 6. Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad Sworn in as the Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.
May 19. India opposed any further meeting of the Security Council to discuss Kashmir issue, in its letter to the President of UN Security Council.
June 15. Debate on the Kashmir issue resumed in the Security Council.
October 29. Karan Singh elected Sadar-i-Riyasat of Jammu and Kashmir.
November 29. Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan in a joint statement, agreed that renewed efforts should be made to resolve the outstanding differences between the two countries on Kashmir and other related matters.
December 27. Ministerial talks between India and Pakistan on Kashmir and related problems opened in Rawalpindi. In a joint communiqué issued at the end of talks, the two ministers made an appeal for a voluntary moratorium on statements, criticisms or propaganda likely to prejudice the success of negotiations. Ministerial talks between India and Pakistan on Kashmir and related problems held in Rawalpindi.
December 28. Pakistan and China decided to sign a boundary agreement on the basis of the location and alignment of the boundary actually existing between Sikniang and Pakistan occupied portion of Kashmir."

In 1963
January 15. Pakistani delegation headed by Z.A.Bhutto arrived in New Delhi for the second round of talks on Kashmir and related matters.
February 7. Indian delegation to the third round of the third round of the Indo-Pakistan talks on Kashmir and other related matters arrived in Karachi.
March 2. India protested to China against Indo-Pakistan agreement on Pakistan held areas of Kashmir.
March 12. Fourth round of Indo-Pakistan talks on Kashmir opened in Calcutta.
April 22. Fifth round of Indo-Pakistan rninisterial-level talks on Kashmir and other related matters opened in Karachi.
May 15. 6th round of than Tnrin.Palfisfan Ministerial- level talks on Kashmir and other related matters began in New Delhi.
August 24. Prime Minister decided to accept the resifinations offered by six Ministers of the Union Cabinet, the Chief Ministers of five States .and the Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.
September 2. Sever earthquake claimed a heavy toll of life in the Badgam Tehsil of Kashmir Valley.
September 27. One Indian national was killed and three injured in Moyel village in the Chhamb area on the cease-fire line in a firing by the Palfintanis.
September 28. Pakistan's attempt to capture a strip of land at the village Nathakulian on the Hamirpur international border in the Akhnoor sector of Jammu failed by the Indian border police.
September 30. Mrs. Vijayalaksbmi Pandit, leader of the Indian delegation to the UN, replied to the charges made in Pakistan Foreign Minister's statement in the General Assembly on Kashmir.
October 1. Pakistani raiders kidnapped an Indian national from the South Haripur area of Begonia Sub- division.
October 3. Announced that in future Sadar-i-Riyasat of Jammu and Kashmir would be called Govern- ment or and the Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir Chief Minister as in other States of the Indian Union.
- Kashmir Premier, Bakshi Ghulam Mohammed. Submitted his resignation lo the Sadr-i- Riyasat.
- Concentration of Pakistani troops near the Karimganj border reported.
October 8. Text of Indian protests to China and Pakistan, following the recent announcement that the boundary demarcation teams of these Governments reached agreement on a number of points about fixing the boundary line of that part of Kashmir which is under illegal occupation of Pakistan, released in New Delhi.
October 11. India told UN General Assembly that the collusive alliance that China and Pakistan were seeking to forge, had a common hatred of India as its motivation and aggression as its common intend.
October 22. Pakistan concentrated troops near the Indian village of Chaknot near the cease-fire agreement. Pakistanis crossed the cease-fire line and breach the channel supplying water to the Ponch power house from the Betar river.
October 25. Government of India in a note to the Pakistan Government warned that if the so called 'Azad Kashmir' forces embarked upon the irresponsible course of violating the cease- fire line, India would be compelled to exercise her right of self-defence.
November 4. Pakistani troops opened fire on an Indian police party in the Chhamb sector, about 50 miles from Jammu.
November 25. All the eight occupants of an IAF Dakota reported missing since November 22 were feared reported killed as the wreckage of plane was located near the Banihal Pass in Kashmir.
December 7. Mrs. Lakshmi Menon, Minister of External Affairs, informed the Lok Sabha that the Chief Military Observer of the United Nations in Kashmir had given an award of violation by Pakistan an and 'no violation by India after investigating allegations made by Pakistan that India had concentrated troops in Chaknot on the Indian side of the ceaserfire line in Kashmir.
December 10. Government revealed that an area ofl 4,500 square miles in Ladakh territory and no area in NEFA is under the control of China.

In 1964
January 4. Holy relic of the Prophet Mohammed, after intense inquiries by the CBI was found in Hazratbal Shrine in Srinagar, Kashmir.
February 3. UN Security Council met to consider Kashmir question.
February 27. Shamsud Din resigned from the Chief Ministership of Jammu and Kashmir.

February 28. Mr. G.M. Sadiq elected Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir.
April 8. Sheikh Abdullab, former Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, released from jail ,Kashmir conspiracy case against him was withdrawn.
February 25. In a letter sent to the President of the UN Security Council,India charged Pakistan with deliberately trying to create tension and conflict across the ceasefire line in Jammu and Kashmir in utter disregard of the provisions of the ceasefire Agreement.
May 5. Security Council met to debate Kashmir question.
May 19. UN Kashmir debate ended.
May 24. Sheikh Abdullah arrived in Rawalpindi (Pakistan) on a 16-day visit to Pakistan.
May 28. Sheikh Abdullah cancelled his stay in Pakistan and returned to Delhi, along with his party on hearing the news of Jawaharlal Nehru's death.
June 21. Pakistan raiders fired at Indian troops in four sectors of the ceasefire line in Jammu and Kashmir.
September 22. Bakshi Gulam Mohammed, former Premier of Jammu and Kashmir arrested in Srinagar under the Defence of India Rules and taken to Udhampur Jail.
October 1. Pakistani troops violated the cease fire line six times in the Uri sector and four times in other sectors of Kashmir Valley.
November 17. Pakistan ordered a Second Secretary of the Indian High Commission in Karachi, Mr R.N. Joshi, to leave the country within 24 hours.
December 4. Extension of the provisions of Articles 356 and 357 of the Indian Constitution to the State of Jammu and Kashmir decided union by the Government of India.
December 17. Government of India, announced expulsion of Gulam Mohammed, Second Secretary in the Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi on espionage charges. Pakistan ordered the expulsion of Mr. R.N. Joshi, Second Secretary of the Indian High Commission in Karachi, as a retaliatory measure.
December 21. President issued an order to apply Articles 356 and 357 of the Constitution to the State of Jammu and Kashmir.

In 1965
February 10. Pakistan Rangers occupied Kanjarkot.
March 2. Formation of Congress Legislature Party formally announced in the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
March 6. Govt. of India lodged protest to the Security Council against Pakistan's progressive annexation of areas of Kashmir under its illegal occupation.
April 5. Over 2,000 square miles of Indian territory in Kashmir given to China under the Sino-Pak boundary agreement, by Pakistan.
April 10. Designation of the head of state and the head of Government in Jammu and Kashmir changed from Sadr-i-Riyasat to Governor and Premier to Chief Minister.
April 12. Details of the area where the border with Pakistan has been demarcated were given in Lok Sabha.
April 27. India Lodged the protest to the UN Security Council against Pakistan's signing of the boundry protocal with China over the portion of Kashmir territory illegally occupied by Pakistan.
May 5. Former Kashmir Premier, Sheikh Abdullah and Mirza Alzal Beg taken to Ootacamund and their movements restricted to the municipal limits of the town.
August 5. Pakistani infiltrators crossed into Indian territory all along the 470 mile ceasefire line in Kashmir. This was a planned and organised infiltration.
August 27. Letter delivered to the President of Security Council in which India has protested against Pakistan's attempt to equate its illigal action in Pak occupied Kashmir with India's constitutional measure in Jammu and Kashmir.
August 28. A Major Pakistani attack from Gilgit side across the ceasefire line near Gurais, one of the gateways from the north to the Kasmir Valley, was repulsed by Indian Army. An Indian forces had crossed the cease fire line in the Uri sector in order to prevent a large concentration of armed Pakistani infiltrators from entering the Kasmir Valley, officially announced by Govt. of India in New Delhi.
September 1. Pakistan mounted a full scale attack in the Akhnoor sector of Kashmir with U.S. Patton Tanks and by throwing its 3000 to 4000 regular troops into action. Fighting continued till 16 September.
September 3. Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri's broadcast to the Nation on Pakistani aggression against India relayed.
September 5. India and Pakistan war Broke out on the Western border.
September 6. Indian army launched three-pronged attacks in the Lahore-Sialfot Jhelum areas.
September 20. India accepted the demand of UN Security Council that India and Pakistan immediately order a cease fire and withdraw their forces to the position of 5 August, 1965.
September 23. A Ceasefire ordered by India and Pakistan as a result of UN efforts.
December 8. Soviet Union announced that talks between Indian Prime Minister Lal Babadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan, will be held at Tashkent on January 4, 1966.
December 10. Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri's statement in Parliament on proposed Tashkent talks between India and Pakistan.

In 1966
January 3. Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and President Ayub Khan of Pakistan arrived in Tashkent in the Uzbekistan Republic of USSR to begin their talks under Soviet auspices for the restoration of normal relations between the two countries.
January 4. Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri's and Ayub Khan's talk began in Tashkent.
- Peking mounted anti-Tashkent meet propaganda to wreck the Indo-Pakistan summit talk.
January 10. Tashkent Declaration signed by which India and Pakistan reaffirmed their obligations under the UN Charter not to have recourse to force and to settle their disputes through peaceful means without prejudice to their basic position of the Kashmir issue, it is a 10 point Agreement.
January 22. India and Pakistan signed Agreement for military withdrawals by two sides under the Tashkent agreement.
January 25. The first phase of disengagement in all the four sectors begain between Indian and Pakistani forces.
January 29. Final document setting forth an agreement for the withdrawal by India and Pakistan of their armed personnel was signed in Lahore at a joint meeting of military representatives the two countries under the auspices of General Tulic Marambio, representative of of the UN Secretary-general.
January 30. Disengagement of India and Pakistani troops completed.
February 2. India and Pakistan exchanged the first batch of POWs near Hlissainiwala border.
February 21. Lok Sabha approved the Tashkent agreement and withdrawal of Indian troops from Haji Pir.
February 23. The UN Secretary General, U Thant, reported to the Security Council that he intended to disband the 90-man UN India-Pakistan Observers Mission (UNIPOM) as quickly as possible and in any event not later then March 21.
February 25. India and Pakistan fulfilled their commiment under the Tashkent declaration by completing before midnight of February 25 the withdrawal of troops from each other's territory.
March 15. Pakistan's Foreign Minister said Pakistan can't enter a Nowar Pact with India as long as Kashmir dispute exists.
July 7. Three day talks between Jayaprakash Narayar and Sheikh Abdullah conducted at Kudai Kanal, in Tamil Nadu.
July 12. C. Rajagapalacharib pleaded for release of Sheikh Abdullah.
August 25. UN observers described Pakisian's allegation of cease fire violations by Indian forces as totally baseless.
October 11. Army Chiefs of India and Pakistan untilised the 'Hot line' to put a stop to the firing by Pak troops on Indian outposts in Ranbirsingh- pura in Jammu.

In 1967
February 2. An ordinance is issued amending representation of the people's Act to bring in on par with the Central law by Government of Jammu and Kashmir.
May 9. Dr. Karan Singh, Central Minister of Tourism and Civil Aviation, was declared elected to the Lok Sabha from the Udhampur (Kashmir Parliamentary Constituency) in a by election.
May 19. An Indian border petrol, South-West of Akhnoor in Jammu district attacked by Pakistani troops.
July 4. Pakistan handed over 19 Indian civilian prisoners of war at the Hussaniwala border.
August 4. India proposed Pakistan for joint exploration for concrete measures for restoration of normal relations between the two countries.
August 13. Agitation started in Kashmir by Kashmiri Pandits on alleged forced marriage of a girl to a member of another community.
September 2. Kashmiri Pandits ended 62-day old agitation in Kashmir.
October 9. India and Pakistan exchanged fire across the cease-fire line in the Uri sector of Jarnmu and Kashmir.
October 13. General K.M. Cariappa and Swatantra leader C.C. Desai met President Ayub Khan of Pakistan in Rawalpindi.
October 24. Indian and Pakistani Army Commanders met to review the situation existing on the inter- national border and ceasefire line in the Kashmir region.

In 1968
June 20. Prime Minister Indira Gandhi presided. Over the meeting of Newly reconstituted National Integration Council in Srinagar for 3 days.
June 22. Prime Minister ruled out discussions with Sheikh Abdullah on Kashmir's future and rejected autonomy demand for Jammu.
August 18. Polling for electing members to the Jammu and Kashmir State Assembly stated.
November 7. Sheikh Abdullah stressed need for strengthening basic unity between India and Pakistan.
November 18. Kashmir Jan Sangh Chief, Baldev Singh demanded special status of Kashmir to go.
December 19. UK will not mediate on Kashmir, declared by British Commonwealth Secretary.
December 28. Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir G.M.Sadiq opposed C.R. Rajagopalachari's proposal on Kashmir.

In 1969
January 10. India proposed to Pakistan setting up of joint machinery to discuss No-war pact between two countries. On the occasion of the anniversary of the Tashkent Declaration.
January 19. Gajendragadkar Commission report on regional imbalances in Jammu and Kashmir State released.
June 21. China completed second link road connecting Pakistan-occupied Kashmir with Aksai Chin.
June 25. Ministry of External Affairs protested to the High Commission of Pakistan and the Chinese Embassy in New Delhi against the construction of another road by these two countries in Indian territory under the illegal occupation of Pakistan. The road is from a place called Nor Khum in Northern Kashmir to the Khunjerah Pass on the Kashmir- Sinkiang border.
October 18. Indo-US bilateral talks held in Washington on Vietnam issue, Indo-Pak relations, Kashmir and Asian security.

In 1970
July 15. Prime Minister Mrs. Indira Gandhi warned Pakistan against aggression in Kashmir.
July 19. Pak spying in the State smashed by Kashmir Police.
September 3. Government of Jammu and Kashmir promulgated Ordinance amending Jammu and Kashmir Ranbir Penal Code of Criminal Procedure and the Jammu and Kashmir Representation of People Act, 1957, to curb communalism in the State.

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